10. oktoober 2013

Küberturvalisuse resolutsioon, vastu võetud OSCE parlamentaarsel assambleel

Eesti on küberturvalisuse osas kõva tegija. Tudengid muudkui küsivad rahvusvahelises turvalisusarganisatsioonis tänavu vastuvõetud selleteemalise resolutsiooni teksti, mille Eesti esitas ja mida mul oli au ette kanda ja eduka läbihääletuseni viia. Järgnevalt resolutsioon, mis eesti keeles öelduna on suunised valitsustele ja parlamentidele.

22nd Session of the OSCE PA 2013


Recalling that in the contemporary world modern  societies significantly depend on cyberspace and the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), which has reshaped the global security environment;
Recognizing the fact that cyber attacks in any form have become a serious security threat that jeopardizes the social and economic prosperity deriving from the use of ICTs;  

Underlining that insecurity in the global  cyberspace is an obstacle for further economic development, innovation and social prosperity;

Recognizing that cyber attacks can be a society-wide challenge, including governments, private companies, non-governmental organisations and private Internet users because they may destabilize society, jeopardize the availability of public services and the functioning of vital state infrastructure;

Reiterating that any country that relies extensively on cyberspace can be influenced by cyber attacks in the same way as by conventional aggression;

Stressing that meeting the new demands of the changed security environment is a challenge for every country in the world;

Recognising that the continuing globalization and interoperability of information systems will make cyberspace even more vulnerable and that the existing policies and strategies may not correspond sufficiently to this increased vulnerability;

Noting that the Internet has always been fueled by policies that promote the free flow of information, protect human rights and foster innovation, creativity and economic growth;Convinced that the OSCE could play a useful role in providing a platform for policy makers, relevant experts and other stakeholders by broadening the discussion on cyber security;

Acknowledging that countering cyber threats requires a significant increase of assets in terms of improving awareness, training, and investments in technology as well as advancing conceptual and doctrinal approaches;

Welcoming the discussions in international fora on how to respond adequately  to the abuse of cyberspace for criminal, terrorist, espionage and military purposes and the discussions and decisions initiated by NATO, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, and elsewhere;

Recognizing that cyber security has become a matter of substantial concern to inter alia the Council of Europe, the EU, NATO and the UN General Assembly;

Reaffirming the role of the OSCE as a regional arrangement under Chapter VIII of the UN Charter and a key instrument for early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation in its area;

Reiterating its concern over the persistence of cyber attacks in various places in the OSCE area;

Recognizing the previous work done in the OSCE with respect to various aspects of cyber-security, in particular the OSCE Informal Working Group Established by Permanent Council Decision 1039, tasked to elaborate a set of draft confidence-building measures (CBMs) to enhance interstate co-operation, transparency, predictability and stability, and to reduce the risks of misperception, escalation and conflict that may stem from the use of ICTs;

Underlining the  need for the international community to increase co-operation and information exchange in the field of cyber security because only with joint and coordinated efforts is  possible to effectively respond to the threats originating from cyberspace;

Stressing that the 2001 Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime is the only legally binding multilateral instrument specifically addressing computer-related crime, but that it has been ratified or acceded to by only 39 states;

Welcoming the fact that several OSCE participating States have already developed and adopted internal countermeasures against various kinds of cyber threats, and recognized the need for measures effective in the worldwide-networked environment;

Emphasizing the commitment of OSCE participating States to respect and foster the principles of international law;

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

Recommends that the OSCE could function as a regional mechanism supporting, coordinating and reviewing the development and implementation of national activities in this field, building on and furthering previous activities related to various aspects of cyber security;

Expresses its regret that it has not been possible to agree on specific and effective countermeasures against cyber threats so far;

Maintains that the results of a cyber attack against vital state infrastructure do not differ in nature from that of a conventional aggression act;

Notes that cyberspace has been an environment to promote the free flow of information, to foster innovation and economic growth and should remain so;

Calls upon OSCE participating States to promote and facilitate access to the Internet and international cooperation aimed at the development of media and information and communications facilities in all countries;

Urges the parliamentarians of the OSCE participating States to intensify their efforts in convincing the parliaments and governments in their countries that threats originating from cyberspace are one of the most serious security challenges of present time that can jeopardize the way of life of modern societies and the whole of civilisation;

Urges governments that have a leading role in defending a free and safe cyberspace to unequivocally condemn cyber attacks, and to seek common effective solutions to protect cyberspace from misuse and malicious activities;

Notes the OSCE’s efforts made to increase transparency and stability and to reduce risks stemming from cyberspace;

Urges OSCE participating States to use the OSCE’s comprehensive and cross-dimensional approach to security and to continue its efforts on the development of confidence building measures in cyber security;

Stresses the need to tackle cyber threats without undermining fundamental rights and freedoms, in particular the freedom of expression, and that the same rights that people have offline must also be protected online;

Urges OSCE participating States and all other members of the international community to consider joining the Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime and follow its provisions;

Urges OSCE participating States to consider joining  also the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism, which offers additional instruments for preventing cyber attacks by terrorist groups and the use of the Internet for terrorist purposes;

Draws attention to the need to study existing legal acts concerning cyber security and to find supplementary means, including the harmonisation of the relevant legislation of states, and to make international cooperation in the field of cyber security more efficient;

Urges all parties involved to search, in good faith, for negotiated solutions in the field of cyber security in order to achieve a comprehensive and lasting settlement that shall be based on the norms and principles of international law;

Calls upon all parties to make full use of available dialogue mechanisms and formats in a constructive spirit;

Supports all efforts to enhance information exchange on relevant experiences and best practices, involving also relevant actors from the private sector and civil society, and to establish public-private-partnerships in this regard;

Encourages OSCE participating States to develop, adopt and implement national action plans on cyber security;

Urges OSCE participating States to adopt anticipatory measures in order to prevent security incidents, to increase the  awareness of information and communication technology users;

Asks the representatives of OSCE participating States to forward this resolution to the governments and parliaments of their countries.

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